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Electronic Components and Electronic Circuits


Electronic Circuits are made of a certain number of components when connected on a purpose in a specific fashion makes a circuit.So a circuit is a network of different components.

In Electronics, we have different components that serve different purposes. There are various elements which are used in many types of circuits depending on the applications.

Electronic Components : Similar to a brick that constructs a wall, a component is the basic brick of a circuit. A Component is a basic element that contributes for the development of an idea into a circuit for execution.

Each component has a few basic properties and the component behaves accordingly. It depends on the motto of the developer to use them for the construction of the intended circuit. The following image shows a few examples of electronic components that are used in different electronic circuits.

Types of Components. Active Components & Passive Components.

Active Components:  Active Components are those which conduct upon providing some external energy.

Active Components produce energy in the form of voltage or current.

Examples − Diodes, Transistors, Transformers, etc.

Passive Components: Passive components are those which start their operation once they are connected. No external energy is needed for their operation.

Passive components store and maintain energy in the form of voltage or current.

Examples − Resistors, Capacitors, Inductors, etc.

We also have another classification as Linear and Non-Linear elements.

Linear Components: Linear elements or components are the ones that have linear relationship between current and voltage.

The parameters of linear elements are not changed with respect to current and voltage.

Examples − Diodes, Transistors, Transformers, etc.

Non-linear Components: Non-linear elements or components are the ones that have a non-linear relationship between current and voltage.

The parameters of non-linear elements are changed with respect to current and voltage.

Examples − Resistors, Capacitors, Inductors, etc.

These are the components intended for various purposes, which altogether can perform a preferred task for which they are built. Such a combination of different components is known as a Circuit.

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