Adhaar - what is adhaar | what are the eligibility criteria for adhaar enrollment | can newborn, minors , Foreigners enrol their adhaar?

The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) issues Aadhaar that is a 12-digit unique identification number to all residents of India. Residents get this number by providing their biometric and demographic details at the various government-authorized Aadhaar Enrolment Centres. This programme was launched by the former prime minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, in 2009.
In April 2010, Nandan Nilekani, who was appointed as the Chairman of UIDAI on June 23rd 2009, launched the logo and the brand name “Aadhaar”. Aadhaar is a Hindi word that means ‘base’ or ‘foundation’. Currently, Mr. Pankaj Kumar is the CEO of UIDAI/Aadhaar. On September 29, 2010, Ranjana Sonawane from Nandurbar district of Maharashtra state became the first Indian to receive the Aadhaar card.
Eligibility for Aadhaar Enrolment-
The purpose of issuing Aadhaar to the citizens of India by UIDAI was to provide them with a document that can be used as unique identity proof for various purposes. It is more than just an identification number. However, it is also not only Indians that can apply for Aadhaar.
The eligibility criteria for Aadhaar enrolment are as follows:
• The applicant is an Indian Citizen residing in India, or
• The applicant is a non-resident Indian residing in India, or
• Aadhaar applicant is a foreigner residing in India
Note: Even newborns can enrol for a special type of Aadhaar known as Baal Aadhaar
Aadhaar Card for Resident Indians
Every Indian citizen can apply for an Aadhaar card. Moreover, the Government of India has now made it mandatory for taxpayers to link their PAN with Aadhaar for filing their annual Income Tax Return (ITR).
Adhar card for minors-
Aadhaar enrolment is available even for minors, unlike the voter identification card. To apply for an Aadhaar card for children, you have to provide the birth certificate of the child along with the proof of identity and address of parents. Newborns can also be enrolled for Aadhaar. However, they have to update their biometric data as soon as they turn 5 and 15 years old. The Baal Aadhaar card for children below 5 years is blue in colour.
Aadhaar for Foreigners-
An Aadhaar card does not act as proof of Indian citizenship. It just contains various details such as biometric data necessary to identify a person. Thus, foreigners who are residing in India are eligible for Aadhaar even though they are citizens of another country. However, they have to reside in India for more than 182 days in the past 12 months to be eligible for Aadhaar.

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