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Breastfeeding - techniques | signs of effective breastfeeding| most effective positions used in breastfeeding| benefits of breastfeeding

If you are a mother you may be worried while breastfeeding your infant, but no more to worry about it as this blog will teach you some good breastfeeding techniques which you may not known before.you will also get to learn signs of effective breastfeeding, positions of breastfeeding and also the benefits of breastfeeding.
•Breastfeeding techniques-
1.always clean your breast with warm water when you are feeding your baby for the first time.
2. Squeeze the breast to check to ensure whether milk is coming or not.
3.The baby should be properly positioned to achieve effective latching.
4.The mother should wear comfortable front open dress so that breast will be well exposed for the infant to be able to latch.
5.The infants mouth, Chin and umbilicus should be lined up with the head in neutral position.
6. The infant is brought to the breast with the nose touching or close to the breast, but Ensure that nose should not get  pressed in breast.
7.Babys mouth should be wide open , should overlap the areola, the nipple straight back into the mouth.
8. The tongue moves forward beyond the lower gum , cupped and forming a reservoir.
9. Milk is removed from the lactiferous sinuses, the jaw moves down creating a negative pressure gradiant that helps the baby to transfer milk to the pharynx.
10.mother should support the breast with one hand while breastfeeding.
11.One breast should be sucked at a time, not both the breast at the same time.
12.Breastfeeding should be given for 15-20 minutes at a time .
13. Breastfeeding should be given 2nd hourly but it can be given in demand means if the baby cries then it can be given.
14. Even if the baby slepts in between breastfeeding, the mother should awake him/her and encourage to suck the breast again.

•Signs of effective breastfeeding-
1.frequent feedings 8-12 times daily.
2. Intemittent episodes of rhythmic sucking with audible swallows should be heard while the infant is nursing.
3.Infant should have About 6-8 wet diaper in a 24 hour period.
4. Minimum 3-4 bowel movement per day.
5. Average daily weight gain of 15-30 gm.


POSITIONS OF BREASTFEEDING:
1.CRADLE HOLD POSITION
It is the most common position used by mothers. Infants head is supported by the elbow, the back and buttock is supported by the arm and lifted to the breast.

2.FOOTBALL HOLD POSITION
Infant is placed under the arm like holding a football.body is supported with forearm, head is supported with the hand.

3. SIDE LAYING POSITION
The mother lies on her side propping up he head and shoulder with pillows. Infant is also lying down facing down mother.

4. CROSS CRADLE HOLDa POSITION
Mother holds the baby crosswise in the crook of the arm opposite the breast the infant is to be fed. Baby's trunk and head are supported with forearm and palm. Other hand is placed beneath the breast in U shaped to guide the baby's mouth to the breast.

5 . AUSTRALIAN HOLD POSITION
This position is used for older infants.



BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING TO INFANTS-
1. Reduce the risk of obesity in later life .
2. Reduce the risk of diseases sudden
Infant death syndrome, Hodgkin's lymphoma, leukemia, type l diabetes.
3.Lowers the risk of infection like otitis media ,lower respiratory tract infection, diarrheal disease, allergies, eczema, meningitis, inflammatory bowel diseases.
4. Helps in physical growth and development.
5. Helps in cognitive development.
6. Helps in gastrointestinal development and function.
7.helps in development of immune system.
8.reduced risk of infection.
 
SOCIO ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING-
1. Income saving .
2. Reduced risk of infections and diseases hence reduced hospital visits and medical costs.
3. Mother become more economiclly productive since they will spend less time for caring a sick child .

BENEFITS TO MOTHERS-
1.Early infant - mother bonding.
2. Aids involution of uterus .
3. Helps in loss of excess weight gained during pregnancy.
4. It's prolongs ovulation.
5.Reduced  risk of breast, ovarian, endometrial cancer.

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