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Potassium and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) diet

POTASSIUM RICH DIET

What is potassium and why it is important?

Potassium is a mineral found in many foods.It plays a role in keeping heartbeat regular and muscles working right.It is the job of healthy kidneys to keep right amount of potassium in body . However,when kidneys are not healthy,one needs to limit certain foods that can increase the potassium in blood to a dangerous level.If potassium level is high ,one may Experience weakness, numbness, tingling or irregular heartbeat, deteriorating, VT or VF and cardiac arrest.


What is safe level of potassium in blood?
If it is 3.5-5.0  - safe zone
If it is 5.1-6.0- caution zone
If it is higher than 6.0 - danger zone 

How to keep potassium level from getting too high?
- one should limit foods that are high in potassium, renal dietician will help to plan diet 
- eat a variety of foods , but in moderation
- Leach potassium rich vegetables before using (leaching is a process by which some potassium can be pull out of the vegetables)
- donot drink or use the liquid from canned fruits and vegetables or juices from cooked meat 
- Almost all foods have some potassium, size of the serving is very important.
- a large amounts of low potassium food can turn into a high potassium food .


What foods are high in potassium (>200 mg per portion)?
Following table lists foods that are high in potassium.The portion size is 1/2 cup unless otherwise stated .Check portion sizes .While all the foods on this list are high in potassium, some are higher than others.

What foods are low in potassium? 
Following table list foods that are low in potassium.The portion is 1/2 cup unless otherwise noted . Eating more than one portion can make a low potassium food into a high potassium food.

1 comment:

  1. The most common causes of CKD are diabetes and high blood pressure. If one is suffering from diabetes or high blood pressure levels, then keeping in touch with your doctor to administer blood sugar levels and blood pressure is the most practical way to prevent kidney problems and ultimately chronic Kidney disease.

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